Active Company - Any company that is
still in business is categorized as Active.
There are three types of Active companies: Private, Public, and
Acquired. Acquired Active companies are very rare, but they do exist.
Acquired Active companies have been acquired, but continue to function
autonomously in some respect.
Active IPO Ratio -
The Active IPO Ratio is a statistic used to describe investors, it
is the % of active investments that have 'gone public'; the # of active
public investments divided by the total number of active investments.
Acquired Company -
A company that has been bought by another company. Typically, acquired
companies are Inactive, but some Active Acquired companies do exist.
Board Member -
A Board Member sits on the Board of Directors of a Company. In LinkSViewer, Person nodes can be Board Members and/or Management Team Members. There are actually three distinctions for Board Membership in LinkSViewer - Outside Board, Advisory Board, and Board Observer.
The connectivity of one node in a network to other nodes in the network.
If a node has more connections in a network, then it is more central.
There are several different measures of centrality used in network
analysis including degree centrality, betweenness centrality, closeness
centrality, and eigenvector centrality.
Combined Networks -
A Combined Network describes a map that contains multiple Target Nodes. This is because this map effectively represents a network that is formed by the combination of two smaller network. Combined networks are often greater than the sum of their parts. That is, the connections between the networks can cause other new nodes to be included that were not included in either of the individual component networks.
One of the map views provided by LinkSViewer,
the Company Map shows the company to company relationships in the
network currently being viewed. It can also be called a "box-only"
map because it displays only the companies (represented by boxes)
and not the investors (represented by ovals). One company has a link
to another company when they share common investors or common personnel (board or management team). The number of common affiliations can be increased or decreased using the MinLink
feature. Learn More
One of the map views provided by LinkSViewer,
the Complete Map gives a bird's-eye view of the network. It includes
only Natural Links - as does the Relational Map, but includes more peripheral nodes than would be seen in the Relational Map. It is a more complete view of
the network, and can often appear much busier than other
map views. Learn More
A company that also acts as an investor in
other companies. The node for a corporate investor (oval) is a separate
entity from the node that represents the company (box). In other words,
it is possible for a company to be represented twice in a particular
network, once as an investor and again as a company receiving investments,
but it will be represented by two nodes - an oval and box respectively. A Corporate Investor will often exist separately in the database as a Company Node as well. It is sometimes useful to map both of these nodes together - the entity as a Corporate Investor node with the same entity as a Company node in a Combined Map
All non-Target Nodes
are Dependent Nodes. They are only present in the network because of their linkages to other nodes. You did not specifically select to view them, as you did for the Target Nodes.
Derived Links appear in the Company
, and Person-Investor
Maps. In all of these maps the links do not represent real world relationships between the two nodes. Instead the links represent common affiliations that the two nodes have with other nodes. By contrast, Natural Links
represent actual real world relationships between the two linked nodes.
An entity is another name for a specific node in a map. It can be
either a company, investor, or person. For example, a Mulitple Entity Map is the same as a Combined Map
refers to a Map that has at least two target nodes irregardless of
what type of node they are.
Map Filters are ways to limit the nodes that are
displayed on a map according to different values associated for them.
For example, companies can be limited by their type (public, private,
acquired), investors can be limited by the number of investments
they have made, and people can be limited by where they attended college.
Inactive Company -
Any company that is no longer in business is categorized as Inactive.
There are three types of Inctive companies: Private, Public, and Acquired.
The three types correspond to the type of company it was when it became
Inactive. Private and Public Inactive companies have typically gone
out of business under negative circumstances, but an Acquired Inactive
company may have been acquired in a positive, and profitable way. These are generalizations,
and the specifics of any particular company should be investigated
for its context and details.
Inactive Loss Ratio -
A statistic used to describe investors, it is the ratio of Inactive
Private Companies divided by the total number of investments.
Also called "Target Nodes
," Independent Nodes are considered independent because their presence in the network is independent of their linkages to other nodes. All of the other non-Target Nodes are considered Dependent Nodes
because they are only present in the network because of their linkages to other nodes. You did not select to view those node (as you did for the Target Nodes), you only see them because of their connections in the network of the Independent Nodes.
Individual Investor -
An individual person who invests his own money into a company. Although Individual Investors are people, this node type only refers to their interaction with companies as investors. It is common for a person who has a node as an Individual Investor to also have a separate Person node in LinkSViewer that shows their connections to companies as a Board Member or Management Team Member.
One of the map views provided by LinkSViewer, the Investor
Map shows the investor to investor relationships in the network currently
being viewed. It can also be called an "oval-only" map because
it displays only the investors (represented by ovals) and not the
companies or People. One investor has a link to another
investor when they share at least investments in
common. The number of investments in common necessary to constitute a link is adjustable using the MinLink
feature. Learn More
Initial Public Offering, the first time a company offers its stock
to the public via the stock market. Also known as 'going public.'
for more info.
Map Options are ways to change and personalize the way the maps are displayed.
For example, you have control over the information displayed within
the nodes and the size of the font. You can also control whether or not the map's title, filters, and legend are displayed in the image itself. Learn more
The MinLink feature is located on the taskbar
and controls how many affiliations two nodes must have in common in order to be linked to one another. Increase it to eliminate weaker links and examine the core of a network. Lower it to allow weaker links and examine a fuller network.
Multiple Node Map - Also called a "Combined Map," a Multiple Node Map is a map with at least two target nodes, irregardless of the type of
node they are.
- Natural Links occur only in the Relational
Maps. Natural Links are the links between two nodes that represent real world relationships. For example, the links in the Relational Map between the Investor nodes and Company nodes represent capital investment, an actual infusion of funds, and therefore a real world relationship. By contrast, Derived Links
do not represent real world relationships.
is a node in a network that is connected to only one other node. This node
hangs off of the core network like a pendant on a necklace.
Private Company -
A company that is privately owned and has not yet gone to IPO.
Public Company -
A company that is publicly owned and has already reached IPO.
The QuickSearch is located at the top of the LinkSViewer screen. It allows you to quickly search for Companies, Investors, and People without backtracking to the Search Screen. You can search with multiple terms by separating them with commas. You cannot use some advanced search features that are available on the Search Screen
, but the speed and ease is very helpful for some situations. Just enter your search term(s) and hit the "Enter" key. Learn More
One of the map views provided by LinkSViewer, the Relational
Map is designed to help get a clear view of the core of the selected
network. Learn More
Rounds (of capital) -
Money raising events in the history of a company. A typical start-up
company can typically raise anywhere from three to six rounds of capital
over the course of its development history, but every company's progression is different.
Also called Independent Nodes
, the entity (company, investor, or person node) that is currently being mapped; the
node(s) whose network is currently being displayed. Target Nodes are
larger than the other surrounding nodes in the network. Combined Maps
have more than one target node. If you view the network
map for Google, then Google is the Target Node for that map.
Total IPO Ratio -
A statistic used to describe investors, it is the number of Active
Public companies over the total number of investments (active and
Venture Capital Investor -
A venture capital firm that makes investments into companies.